Dyer: Hard to focus on climate change when jobs are vanishing

“Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made,” wrote Immanuel Kant in 1784.

It is still true.

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On Nov. 24, the Conference of the Parties — comprising the 180 countries that signed the climate change treaty in Paris in 2015 — opened in the Polish city of Katowice.

The Polish government chose the venue and it presumably selected Katowice because it is home to Europe’s biggest coal company. It was a thinly disguised show of defiance.

It’s not only U.S. President Donald Trump who loves coal.

It’s by far the worst of the fossil fuels in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, but Poland gets 75 per cent of its electricity by burning coal and it has no intention of changing its ways. In fact, shortly before COP24 opened in Katowice, the Polish government announced it is planning to invest in a large new coal mine in the region of Silesia.

On the same day, 1,500 kilometres to the west in Paris, municipal workers were picking up the debris after another violent weekend of protests against President Emmanuel Macron.

The demonstrations are not as big as those of the great revolt of 1968, but they are certainly the biggest for decades, even in this cradle of revolutions.

And what were the protesters (known as the “gilets jaunes” after the fluorescent yellow vests that French drivers must keep in their vehicles) protesting about? In Paris and in other cities, they were building barricades, torching cars and setting banks and houses on fire because Macron’s government was planning to raise the tax on diesel fuel by 6.5 cents per litre.

This was on top of an increase of 7.9 cents per litre earlier this year.

The fact Macron justified it as a “green” tax intended to reduce fuel use only seemed to make the protesters angrier.

In the end, Macron backed down, promising to delay the hike for six months.

Poles cling to coal, despite the fact the fog of coal smoke that envelops Polish cities in winter kills thousands every year. Ordinary people in France riot for the right to go on burning cheap diesel in their cars, despite a comparable death toll from atmospheric pollution there.

This suggests the quest to cut greenhouse gas emissions before global warming goes runaway faces even greater resistance than the experts feared.

Bear in mind that Poland and France are relatively well-educated countries that belong to the European Union, the region that has led the world in terms of its commitment to emission cuts.

Neither country has the kind of climate-change denial industry, lavishly funded by fossil-fuel producers, that muddies the waters and spreads doubt about the scientific evidence in the United States.

Neither the Poles nor the French are in denial.

And yet ...

Now, it’s true that Poles have a large collective chip on their shoulder for historical reasons (their entire country was erased from the map for more than a century), so they often respond badly to being lectured by well-meaning foreigners.

It’s also true that Macron is arrogant and has a tin ear for public opinion. But neither nationalist resentment nor clumsy political leadership are in short supply worldwide.

Bear in mind also that the emission cuts promised in the 2015 agreement will not actually come into effect until 2020.

We have a mountain to climb and we are not even in the foothills yet.

Much bigger sacrifices than a few cents extra on the price of diesel or an end to burning coal will be required before we reach the end of this process, if we ever do.

The question therefore arises: can we really expect the relatively large (although still inadequate) cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases promised in Paris at the 2015 summit will ever gain the public support necessary to make them happen?

If not, then our current global civilization is doomed.

For the EU, the biggest distraction from the task at hand is the high rate of unemployment in many Western European countries: officially just under 10 per cent in France and Italy and about 15 per cent in Spain, but the true figures are at least a couple of points higher in every case.

In fairness to the French protesters, many of them have lost sight of the bigger issue because they just can’t make ends meet.

This unemployment is structural and it will not go away. Its primary cause is automation, a process that will only spread and deepen with the passage of time.

We are entering this critical period for dealing with climate change — the next five years are make-or-break — just as the world’s economy is undergoing a hugely disruptive transformation that will leave many people permanently jobless.

If you were designing a species capable of making this difficult transition, you would certainly prefer to start with one that was wiser, more co-operative and less excitable than ourselves, the near relatives of chimpanzees.

Something a little less crooked, at least. But this is the timber we have to work with.

Good luck.

More Gwynne Dyer columns can be found under the Opinion tab at kamloopsthisweek.com.

© Kamloops This Week


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